New boost for Shrimp Broodstock seeding industry

After many disease challenges and market instability, white shrimp is gradually losing the upper hand. Many countries returned to the tiger shrimp, creating a new boost for the disease-free Shrimp Broodstock industry.

The prosperity
In some countries, farmers gradually reduce black tiger shrimp farming area to switch to shrimp. In 2017, tiger shrimp production accounts for only 30-40% of the total shrimp production of the country. However, Vietnam has built an organic tiger shrimp production system in the Mekong Delta with low stocking density of 20-30 individuals / m2, harvesting shrimp when reaching 30-40 shrimp / kg after 4-5 months of rearing; survival rate is quite good at 70-80%. Some farmers stocked shrimp seed from Moana Technologies and harvested 30 shrimp / kg after 4-5 months of culture. Many experts predict that tiger prawn farming can prosper thanks to disease-free shrimp seed sources; This is also the motivation for many farms in Southeast Asia to switch to tiger shrimp.
Production of black tiger shrimp in India reached 50,000 tons in 2014, then decreased to 27,450 tons in 2015 and 21,000 tons in 2016. In Aquaculture 2018, Indian shrimp industry reported 2017 tiger shrimp production reached 38,000 tons and expected. 40,000 tons in 2018. Black tiger shrimp are mainly raised in traditional ponds in West Bengal, Odisha and Kerala. However, the main difficulty of the Indian tiger shrimp industry is the low survival rate although the supply of disease-free broodstock is available from companies such as Moana Techonologies, Rajiv Gandhi Aquaculture Center (RGCA), Aqualma in Madagascar. , iAqua International and recently CP Thailand. RGCA, supporting the aquaculture sector of India’s Seafood Export Promotion Agency (MPEDA) has started marketing broodstock to clean and clean the disease since 2015. India’s tiger shrimp production also dropped from 1, 9 billion seedlings / year in 2015 down to 1 billion breeds / year in 2017.
However, after the shrimp industry encountered many incidents in 2018, many shrimp farmers in India turned to tiger shrimp. In Taiwan, TS Grace Chu Fang Lo, Taiwan Institute of Biotechnology, is aiming to revive the Asian tiger shrimp industry, starting in Taiwan. She is developing a disease-free shrimp variety and resistant to white spot disease and is expected to experiment in the pond this year.
Many of advantages…
While the shrimp price dropped dramatically, the price and demand for black tiger shrimp remained stable. In the US, the price of black tiger shrimp at Urner Barry shows that the price of this product always remains high during the first months of 2017 (US $ 8.80 / pound). Japan and Europe are traditional markets of tiger shrimp. Recently, the Chinese market has also emerged as a new potential destination for Vietnamese, Indonesian and Indian black tiger shrimp.
In Europe, Bangladesh is the main supplier of black tiger shrimp to the UK – the largest market in Europe at 23%. The number of prawn suppliers from Bangladesh has always increased. In 2017, many reports show that Europe expects to import Myanmar black tiger shrimp when some administrative procedures are completed. The report shows that European importers pay special attention to sustainable tiger shrimp. There are 8 Vietnamese companies and 2 tiger shrimp farms in Indonesia certified FOS. The tiger shrimp products with ASC certification have also appeared in Scandinavia at the end of 2014. In addition, there are 5 tiger shrimp farms with ASC certification, 4 in Vietnam and 1 in Madagascar.
Previously, Malaysia’s black tiger shrimp production only reached 6,000 tons / year but also increased to 9,000 – 10,000 tons in 2017, equivalent to 27% of total shrimp production in this country. Before 2017, the main source of tiger shrimp from Moana Technologies and Madagascar. Recently, Malaysia has produced its own tiger shrimp from clean broodstock of SFP disease of C.P. Thailand or Moana. The households raising black tiger shrimp here said that, despite some changes such as increasing water exchange, cleaning up sludge and reducing stocking density, most shrimp farms still failed, the average survival rate. less than 50%. Realizing that there is no good management of shrimp farming, Malaysia has returned to tiger shrimp. With lower stocking rates, production costs also decreased to MYR 22.7 / kg (USD 5.8 / kg), tiger shrimp farming gave higher profit than shrimp. Meanwhile, the price of commercial shrimp reached MYR 35 / kg (USD 8.9 / kg) with size of 30 shrimp / kg.
Bangladesh is a country that persists in raising black tiger shrimp even when neighboring countries rush to follow the trend of shrimp farming. Despite calling for raising shrimp, but the Government does not grant permission to import broodstock, but only permits a single hatchery to import disease-free black tiger shrimp. Therefore, up to now, the black tiger shrimp industry in Bangladesh has remained stable. In Bangladesh, MKA Hatchery hatchery at Cox’s Bazar is using disease-free black tiger shrimp from Moana, Hawaii. In 2017, the company produced 180 million shrimp seed and sold 8,000 USD / million seeds for purely farming households and 12,300 USD / million PC for intensive farms. In 2017, tiger shrimp production in Bangladesh reached 50,000 tons; the price of black tiger shrimp purchased at ponds was higher than the previous year, reaching 14.80 USD / kg of whole black tiger shrimp of 50 g size (HOSO); USD 10.50 / kg of 33 g shrimp and USD 9 / kg of 20 g shrimp at the end of the year.

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