How to control Ammonia in Black Tiger Prawn’s ponds (Part 1)

How to control Ammonia in Black Tiger Prawn’s ponds (Part 1)

Ammonia is a toxic substance that is accumulated during the culture process. In properly managed ponds, ammonia rarely builds up to dangerous concentrations. However, ammonia can create so-called “lethal effects”, such as reduced growth, poor food metabolism and reduced immunity in low concentrations. 1. The effect of pH and temperature on ammonia – Ammonia in water exists in either ammonia (NH3) or ammonium (NH4 +). The relative survival rates for these two forms are mainly…

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