Vietnam has thousands of kilometres of coastline, and there are probably thousands of wrecked ships. Many of these ships filled with the sample mean and the fun of archaeology. But the country was very difficult in the preservation of the cultural heritage under water. So far, the protection and conservation of underwater cultural heritage of Vietnam, such as shipwrecks, has low priority.
Vietnam has a long coastline (over 2,000 kilometers) and sea-based activities taking place for at least 2,000 years. Vietnam is located in the center of the Southern Ávà is ‘ the Silk Road on the sea ‘ comes from China to the West through the South East Asian region.
Very little is known about how much of the sunken ship, or other underwater cultural venue, probably exist in Vietnam. Almost not have archaeological survey would be done, but I think there may be thousands of positions.
Unfortunately, very little work has been done in Vietnam in the past was done by, or related to, the treasure hunters. A large number of underwater cultural heritage has to be sold. For example, thousands of pottery from shipwrecks in Vung Tau, Binh Thuan, Mau, Hoi An has been auctioned.
A problem for any Government to sell the treasures they are. Instead of viewing them as part of the national cultural heritage and belongs to the museums or public collections, they are viewed mostly about monetary value.
Recently, a shipwreck from the 14th century were discovered in the water off Binh Chau (district of Binh son) in Quang Ngai province. Research Home Nation, former Director of the Museum of natural history in Vietnam, said experts have confirmed the new shipwrecks are discovered in Quang Ngai province dating from the 14th century, but experts cannot survey the ship because of the lack of human resources and the appropriate equipment. The experts also said the ship had many Chinese pottery made from the 14th and 15th century. Money or from 12 or 13 century have also been found.
Vietnam News also reported that “the new ship for … discovered … by local fishermen, who … to steal many different items from the sunken ship to sell”.
Unfortunately, the Government of Vietnam has been involved in the sale of a number of artefacts in the past. One of the consequences that the Government set the price on antiques is the local poor people want to “grab” it and sell more is to let the authorities retrieved (and sell).
Because there have been situations artifacts from the ship have been Vietnam’s Government sale of bath, it’s no surprise that the poor local fishermen see the ship wrecked in Quang Ngai province as “fortunes” from sea and wanted to get it for themselves.
Sadly for Australia is not a moral issue high up in this matter. The Federal Government of Australia, through the Australian natural museum, created more trouble by buying up artifacts from Vietnam over the years. This artifacts are on display in the capital of this country.
In recent years, Vietnam has started to slowly eliminate the jobs of people who hunt antiques. But still lack the marine archaeologists and the management of underwater cultural heritage with experience and training, as well as equipment and infrastructure for the protection and preservation of underwater cultural heritage.
Marine archaeology is not taught or taught very little official at universities in Vietnam, and only a handful of archaeologists in the State have been trained in this area, mainly abroad. In a recent meeting of archaeology was held in Hanoi, Professor Song, Director of the Vietnam Institute of archaeology has expressed his concern about the possibility of conducting research are serious about shipwrecks due to lack of funding, manpower and equipment.
Vietnam has great archaeological Institute in Hanoi with many archaeologists and trained on land, but at this stage, no underwater archaeologist would be trained. Vietnam clearly wants to protect and preserve underwater cultural heritage but lack of awareness, training and equipment to perform in the current period.