Giant / Black Tiger Prawn is classified according to the following techniques: Regnum: Animalia, Phylum: Arthropoda, Subphylum: Crustacea, Class ( Malacostraca, subclass: Eumalacostraca, superordo: Eucarida, ordo: Decapoda, subordo: Dendrobranchiata, superfamilia: Panaeoidea, Family: Penaeidae , Chi (genus): Penaeus, species: P. monodon.
Black Tiger Prawn is clearly classified and needs a sufficiently large amount of oxygen from the shrimp fan so that the shrimp can grow and grow well.
The biology of Black Tiger Prawn
From the outside, Black Tiger Prawn consists of the following parts:
Holder: shaped like a blade, serrated. Above the master there are 7-8 teeth and under the teeth there are 3 teeth.
Olfactory nose and antennae: The organ recognizes and balances the shrimp.
3 pairs of jawbones: take food and swim.
5 pairs of chest: take food and cow.
Belly Pins: Swim.
Tail: There is a pair of tails so that the shrimp can jump far, adjust to swim high or swim low.
Genital organs (located below the abdomen).
The biology of Black Tiger Prawn is quite comprehensive and comprehensive to help shrimp grow healthy if properly cultured shrimp farming techniques.
Black Tiger Prawn is sexier, females are bigger than males. When the adult shrimps clearly distinguish between male and female through external genitalia, they need to be adequately supplied oxygen through the shrimp culture so that the shrimp can grow and develop well.
Males: Males are the main male genital area within the head of the breast, with the external mating on the outside of the femur, the male opening the male genital opening to the fifth femur. Sperm is in the bag.
Females: The ovaries are located along the upper back, with two oviduct opening in the third hip. The nostril contains two bulges in the fourth and fifth of the lower abdomen. .
The method of maturity in males is more difficult, only when sperm is found at the end of the vasectomy. Usually based on weight to determine when a male weighs 50 g or more:
Distribution of black tiger Prawn:
The distribution of Black Tiger Prawn is quite wide, from the Indian Ocean to Japan, Taiwan, eastern Tahiti, southern Australia and west Africa (Racek – 1955, Holthuis and Rosa – 1965, Motoh – 1981, 1985). In general, Black Tiger Prawn range from 30E to 155E, from latitude 35N to 35S around equatorial countries, especially Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam. Prawns (PL.), Juvenile shrimp and adult shrimp live near coastal and coastal mangroves. When the adult shrimps move offshore, they prefer to live in deeper waters. When carrying shrimp pure culture, it is important to cultivate shrimp properly and provide sufficient oxygen for shrimp to breathe by installing additional shrimp rotor.